A.I. Garayev Institute of Physiology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
The article summarizes the data concerning morphological development of rabbit brain cortex in postnatal ontogenesis. The processes of development of neuritis of the cortical neurons, formation their synaptic con-nections and myelinization of axons are analyzed. As a result, main regularities of differentiation of the cor-tical neurons in postnatal ontogenesis are revealed. Formation of the layers of brain cortex and afferent-efferent cortical connections is also under consideration. Taking into account that for last decades such stud-ies were not undertaken in rabbits, analysis and generalization of the data are realized based on the modern views on brain cortex in ontogenesis.